When the skin generates more melanin, (the pigment that gives skin its colour), hyperpigmentation occurs. This can cause spots or regions of skin to seem darker than the rest of the body.
Hyperpigmentation is a skin disorder that affects a lot of people. It affects people with all sorts of skin.
Extra pigment in certain parts of the skin is normally safe, although it might occasionally suggest a medical issue.
Most common types of pigmentation disorders are:
Also known as liver spots, occur as brown, tan, or black spots that appear on face and hands, or on sun-exposed areas of the body. Age spots usually appear on older adults or after extended sun exposure.
Also called chloasma or “the mask of pregnancy”, looks like large patches of darkened skin. They are most likely to appear on the forehead, face, and stomach on women, people who are pregnant or taking birth control pills, and people with darker skin.
These are spots or patches of darkened skin that appear after an inflammatory skin condition, such as acne or eczema. They usually appear on the face or neck of people who have had inflammation or an injury to the skin.
Vitiligo is a disorder in which the immune system destroys pigment cells (melanocytes), resulting in the loss of pigment. Smooth, white skin patches appear around the mouth and eyes, as well as on the backs of the hands, in vitiligo. These patches might appear all over the body in certain people.
Albinism is an inherited condition that results in no pigmentation in the skin, hair, or eyes due to a lack of the pigment melanin. Albinos have a defective gene that prevents melanin formation.
If a person wants to attempt a new therapy or natural remedy, they should first test it on a small patch of skin and cease using it if the skin becomes irritated. Hyperpigmentation can be reduced by using natural remedies such as these:
To lighten dark spots of skin and erase hyperpigmentation, people can attempt the following treatments:
Many people use topical treatments to treat hyperpigmentation. Topical treatments will include ingredients that lighten the skin, such as:
Some cosmetic procedures can also lighten areas of skin to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
Cosmetic procedures for hyperpigmentation include:
If you are considering undergoing one of these procedures, you should discuss the process and possible side effects with our highly skilled dermatologist who will devise a treatment plan tailor made for you. Your dermatologist will consider a variety of factors when developing this plan, including your history and where the pigmentation appears on your body. If you’ve used any topical treatment or home remedies to treat hyperpigmentation, let your dermatologist know before starting treatment.
To obtain the best results, your dermatologist may recommend more than one treatment.